Commonly Prescribed Antipileptic Drugs
Amitriptyline – Brand Names: Elavil, Endep, Lentizol, Saroten, Tryptanol, and Tryptizol
Carbamazepine – Brand Name: Tegretol
Gabapentin – Brand Name: Neurontin, Gabarone
Oxcarbazepine – Brand Names: Oxtellar XR, and Trileptal
Pregabalin – Brand Name: Lyrica
Topiramate, Topamax – Brand Names: Qudexy XR, Topamax, and Trokendi XR
Common Side Effects
The most common side effects for this category of nerve pain medication include: Dizziness, nausea, headache, vomiting, fatigue, vertigo, ataxia, blurred vision, and tremor.
Addiction is also a concern. Patients must be weaned or tapered off of these medications.
Falls are also associated with taking this type of medication due to its vertigo side effect. The loss of bone density is also noted in people taking these medications. Therefore the “fall” risk is not only elevated it is potentially more harmful due to bone density loss – especially for those individuals over the age of 65.
Suicidal thoughts and actions are also strongly associated with these medications.
It is not known exactly why these medications work to ease neuropathy and nerve pain. It is thought that they interfere with the over active nerve transmissions that the damaged nerve sends out and that this interference is what eases the pain.